Fifth Meeting

Quiz : READING COMPREHENSION

1.What is this passage mainly about?
a.The evolution of the horse
b.The migration of horses
c.The modern-day pony
d.The replacement of the anchitheres by the hipparion

2.According to the author, fossils are considered valuable for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?
a.they suggest how the climate may have been
b.they provide information about migration
c.they document the evolution of the horse
d.they maintain a record of life prior to the Miocene Age

3.The word instigated in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by?
a.Explained
b.Caused
c.Improved
d.Influenced

4.What does the author mean by the statement Geologists believe that the first horses appeared on Earth about sixty million years ago as compared with two million years ago for the appearance of human beings?
a.Horses appeared long before human beings according to the theories of geologists.
b.Both horses and human beings appeared several milmillion years ago, if we believe geologists.
c.The geological records for the appearance of horses and human beings are not very accurate.
d.Horses and human beings cannot be compared by geologists because they appeared too long ago.

5.Which of the following conclusions may be made on the basis of information in the passage?
a.The hipparions migrated to Europe to feed in developing grasslands.
b.There are no fossil remains of either the anchitheres or the hipparion.
c.There were horses in North America when the first European colonists arrived.
d.Very little is known about the evolution of the horse.

6.The word extinct in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to?
a.Familiar
b.Widespread
c.nonexistent
d.tame

7.It can be concluded from this passage that the?
a.Miocene Period was prior to the Pleistocene
b.Pleistocene Period was prior to the Miocene
c.Pleistocene Period was prior to the Pliocene
d.Pliocene Period was prior to Miocene

Problem 21 Factual Conditionals–Absolute, Scientific Results

                            CONDITION                                                       RESULT

    If               S                  V (present) ,                 S                   V (present)

    If       a catalyst           is used       ,     the reaction          occurs         more rapidly

                                                                              Or
CONDITION                                                            RESULT

    If           S                    V (present)      ,             S                     will       verb word

   If     a catalyst           is used             ,  the reaction     will            occur         more rapidly

Incorrect:  If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they withered and died.
Correct  :  If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they wither and die.
or
If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they will wither and die.

Incorrect: If the trajectory of a satellite will be slightly off at lunch, it will get worse as the flight progresses.
Correct  :  If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch, it gets worse as the flight progresses.                                                                              or
If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch,it will get worse as the flight progresses.

Incorrect: If light strikes a rough surface, it diffused.
Correct  :  If light strikes a rough surface, it diffuse .
or
If light strikes a rough surface, it will diffuse .

Problem 22 Factual Conditionals Probable Results
For the Future

will
can
If          S           V (present)          ,     S        may      verb word

If         we     find her address  ,    we      will            write          her

will
can
S           may       verb word       if         S          V (present)
We       will         write her        if        we                 find           her address

Incorrect:  We will wait if you wanted to go
Correct  :  We will wait if you want  to go
or
If you want  to go, we will wait.

Incorrect:  If you listen to the questions carefully, you answer them easily.
Correct  :  If you listen to the questions carefully, you will answer  them easily.
or
You will answer them easily if you listen to the questions carefully.

Incorrect: If we finished our work a little early today, we’ll attend the lecture at the art museum.
Correct  : If we finish our work a little early today, well attend the lecture at the art museum.
or
well attend the lecture at the art museum if we finish our work a little early today.

Problem 23 Factual Conditionals Possible Results

                                                                would
                                                                 could

If         S            V (past) ,                                   S       might       verb word
If         we           found     her address,   we      would           write          her
If         we           found     her address,   we      could            write          her
If         we           found     her address,   we      might            write          her

                                                                  or

                                                               would
                                                                could

  S         might       verb word                          if                S                V (past)
We       would           write        her     if       we        found       her address

We       could            write         her    if       we        found       her address
We       might            write        her    if       we        found       her address

Incorrect:  If Judi didn’t drink so much coffee, she wouldn’t have been so nervous.
Correct  :   If Judi didnt drink so much coffee, she wouldnt be  so nervous.
or
Judi wouldnt be so nervous if she didnt drink so much coffee.

Incorrect:  If you would go to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.
Correct  :  If you went  to bed earlier, you wouldnt be so sleepy in the morning.
or
You wouldnt be so sleepy in the morning if you went to bed earlier.

Incorrect: If she would eat fewer sweets, she would lose weight.
Correct  : If she ate  fewer sweets, she would lose weight.
or
She would lose weight if she ate  fewer sweets.

Problem 24 Factual Conditionals Probable Changes In Past Results

                                                                             would have
                                                                              could have

If        S          had                   participle ,                          S          might          have     participle
If      we       had         found     her address,         we        would          have        written        her

If      we       had         found     her address,         we         could           have        written         her
If      we       had         found     her address,         we         might           have        written        her

Incorrect: If her mother let her, Anne would have stayed longer.
Correct  :  If her mother had let her, Anne would have stayed longer.
or
 Anne would have stayed longer if her mother had let  her.

Incorrect:  If we would have known that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the
bus station.
Correct  :  If we had known  that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the bus
station.
or
We had known  her at the bus station if we had known that she had planned to arrive today.

Incorrect:  If I had more time, I would have checked my paper again.
Correct  :  If I had had  more time, I would have checked my paper again.
or
I would have checked my paper again if I had had more time.

Problem 25 ContrarytoFact ConditionalsImpossible Results Were

If               S                were

If         the party         were         on Friday, we could go.

Incorrect:  If the meat was a little more done, this would be             an excellent meal.
Correct  :  If the meat were a little more done, this would be an excellent meal. (The meat is not done)
or
This would be an excellent meal if the meat were a little more done. (The meat is not done)

Incorrect:  If my daughter is here, I would be very happy.
Correct  :  If my daughter were here, I would be very happy.  (My daughter is not here)
or
I would be very happy If my daughter were  here.  (My daughter is not here)

Incorrect:  This apartment be perfect if it were a little larger.
Correct  :  This apartment  be perfect if it were a little larger. (The apartment is not larger.)
or
If it were a little larger, this apartment  be perfect. (The apartment is not larger.)

Problem 27  Importance–Subjunctive–Verbs

S                                        V             that          S                  V
Mr. Johnson    prefers        that         she         speak        with him personally

Incorrect: The foreign student advisor recommended that she studied more English before enrolling at
the university.
Correct : The foreign student advisor recommended that she  study  more English before enrolling at
the university.

Incorrect:  The law requires that everyone has his car checked at least once a year.
Correct  :  The law requires that everyone have  his car checked at least once a year.

Incorrect:  She insisted that they would give her a receipt.
Correct  :  She insisted that they  give her a receipt.

Problem 28 ImportanceNouns Derived from Subjunctive Verbs

demand; insistence; preference; proposal;
recommendation; request; requirement; suggestion.

noun                    that        S         verb word
The recommendation      that       we              be           evaluated was approved

Incorrect: She ignored the suggestion that she gets more exercise.
Correct  : She ignored the suggestion that she get  more exercise.

Incorrect: The terrorist’s demand that the airline provides a plane will not be met by deadline.
Correct  : The terrorist’s demand that the airline provide  a plane will not be met by deadline.

Incorrect: He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he dropping the class.
Correct  : He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he drop  the class.

Problem 29 ImportanceImpersonal Expressions
essential;                     imperative;
important;                  necessary.

It is      adjective         infinitive                                
It is      important       to verify           the     data

                                                 or

It is      adjective          that             S              verb word             
It is      important       that        the data         be verify      

Incorrect: It is important that I will speak with Mr. Williams immediately.
Correct  :  It is important to speak with Mr. William immediately.                                                 
or
It is important that I speak with Mr. Williams immediately.

Incorrect:  It is imperative that your signature appears on your identification card.
Correct  :   It is imperative to sign  your identification card.
or
It is imperative that your signature appear on your identification card.

Incorrect:  It is essential that all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
Correct  :  It is essential to file all  all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
or
It is essential that all applications and transcripts be  filed no later than July 1.

About Andrie Gozalie
Tuhan akan memberikan apa yang kamu inginkan, jika yang kamu inginkan adalah sesuatu yang Tuhan persiapkan untukmu

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